Progress can be disrupted by failure to meet lower level needs due to life experiences for example loss of job or divorce. The 5 needs are:1. Physiological - air, food, drink, shelter, warmth sex, sleep 2. Safety - protection from elements, security order, law, limits, stability 3. Social /belonging - work groups, family, affection, relationships 4. Esteem - self esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility 5. Self actualization - realizing personal potential, self fulfilment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.
Only 2% of people meet all of the levels (self actualization) - this is considered to be where they have fulfilled all that they are capable of and that they have found a meaning to their life that is important to them. Maslow studied people who he thought were in the 2% to gain better insight into these characteristics (Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt). The common characteristics include:- Can tolerate uncertainty Accept themselves and others for what they are Spontaneous in thought and action Unusual sense of humour Highly creative Concerned for the welfare of humanity Strong moral / ethical standards